WHAT IS A " BED AND BREAKFAST " OR A " GUEST HOUSE " IN FRANCE ?
A " Bed and Breakfast " is a furnished room and breakfast that welcomes visitors crossing usually for a few nights. There is also talk of "home stay" to "guest house" or "Bed and Breakfast" (abbreviated as "B & B"). It is a form of rural tourism with bed & breakfasts, farm-inns ... but there are also bed and breakfast in town and along the coast.
There are as many Bed and Breakfast and Guest House as there are owners and different houses. The reception is not standardized. Each owner has his way of doing, which makes the charm and success of this formula. National labels officially recognized by the Ministry of Tourism are Gites de France, Clévacances, sun flowers and Home peasant. There are also labels present only in a limited area such as Welcome to the castle or the Label Moonlight or others such as Rando Home. Note that other labels are exclusively for carrying on the business owners of cottages and the main activity in live: DMH and ClesDor example. Some homeowners choose to join a label, some owners choose to make their rooms directly and the development of internet has made things easier.
Guests are welcomed as homestay guests who receives them. Personalized welcome. The room is subject to a price per night and breakfast is part of the home. This is a bundled service, it is included in the price of the night and taken together in the dining room or the family kitchen. Sharing other family meal can (mostly at night) in host table, a flat fee is requested. The table d'hote meal has a high user friendliness. It allows you to chat with owners and other residents around mostly regional dishes.
The area of Bed and Breakfast is very dynamic and there many creations of Bed and Breakfast each year. It is a way to supplement his income or his retirement or to face the costs of home maintenance. The opening of Bed and Breakfast is a fairly simple project to undertake but it needs to be well prepared as any activity. Only serious and reliable owner guarantee the success of the project and a favorable word of mouth.
In France, according to the Department of Tourism, there were 36,879 Bed and Breakfast (or Guest House) labeled from 1 January 2007. According to "Accueillir Magazine", the magazine sector, there would be 67,000 in all Bed and Breakfast (or Guest House) labeled or not labeled. In many villages, the Bed and Breakfast are the only form of accommodation proposed. This is essential for the activity of these municipalities.
In France, a landlord can not open more than five Bed and Breakfast. The capacity is limited to fifteen people. This activity is governed by Article 21 of Law 2006-437 of 14 April 2006 (Code of tourism). Its implementing decree is No. 2007-1173, published in the Official 4 August 2007. A statement at the town hall has been mandatory since January 2008.
The " Bed and Breakfast " must meet a number of specific rules for the activity. The main are: be situated homestay at his residence (even body building or annex building), to be rented by the night with a home provided by the inhabitants, be subject to minimum services including the provision of small breakfast and linen, to be furnished and include everything needed for a normal occupation, have access to a toilet and a bathroom equipped with a sink and a shower or bath , answer all réglementions in force in the fields of hygiene, security and safety.